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Canadian study shows another possible consequence of brain injury

We all know that the brain is an extremely complex organ and that a traumatic brain injury can cause a wide range of problems. Now a study involving nearly 4,000 Ontario residents has shown a "significant association" between TBI and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, commonly known as ADHD.

The results of the study in the Journal of Psychiatric Research showed that 12.5 percent of the subjects had both conditions. While earlier research found similar results in children, this study looked at adults over 18 who had suffered a head injury that required hospitalization and a loss of consciousness for at least five minutes.

The study's lead author, who works at Toronto's St. Michael's Hospital, concluded, "The odds of having or screening positive for ADHD if you have a history of TBI are about two and a half times higher than in adults who never had a history of TBI," He also noted that the findings may also apply to so-called "mild" concussions where the person doesn't lose consciousness or even realized that he or she has suffered a brain injury.

The two conditions can have similar symptoms, such as impaired memory, impulsiveness, moodiness and lack of attention. The study noted that the attention issues associated with ADHD can contribute to accidents that result in TBI.

The results of this study can be particularly significant because both conditions are increasingly becoming problematic. The Centre for ADHD Awareness Canada says that ADHD has become the most common mental health disorder among children, affecting up to 15 percent of Canadian children. Adults are increasingly being diagnosed with it as well. Further, the World Health Organization says that by 2020, TBI will contribute to more additional disabilities and diseases than anything besides depression and heart disease.

Anyone who has suffered a TBI should be aware of all potential impacts to their lives when determining how much compensation to seek. An Ontario personal injury attorney can provide important guidance.

Source: Macleans, "A newfound link between brain injuries and ADHD," Cathy Gulli, Aug. 20, 2015

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